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Types of Rathas in Puri, Odisha, India

Types of Rathas in Puri, Odisha, India

Rath Yatra Festival is mainly distinguished for 3 Rathas of main 3 deities. These are;

Nandighosa Rath

The chariot of Lord Jagannath, the prime deity is called Nandighosha Ratha. The accompanying deity of this Ratha is Madan Mohan. This Ratha could be distinguished by color of its decorative cloth material i.e. red and yellow. Lord Jagannath is said to be one synonym of Lord Krishna. Red and yellow colors are auspicious for this Ratha as these colors are considered to be favorites of Lord Jagannath. This Ratha looks Yellow on its top-most portion. This Ratha is also called Garuda dhwaja Ratha or Kapila Ratha.


Quick Facts about Nandighosha Ratha
Number of wheels 16
Total Number of wooden pieces used 832
Height 44' 2"
Length and breadth 34'6" x 34'6"
Decorative clothes Red, Yellow colour cloths
Guarded by Garuda
Charioteer of Ratha Daruka
The flag Trailokyamohini
The horses Shankha, Balahaka, Suweta,Haridashwa
The Rope Basuki Naga
Presiding Nine Deities (i) Varaha
(ii) Gobardhan
(iii) Krishna, Gopi Krishna
(iv) Nursingha
(v) Rama
(vi) Narayan
(Vii) Trivikrama
(viii) Hanuman
(ix) Rudra

Taladhwaja Rath

Taladhwaja Ratha is 2nd Ratha belonging to Lord Bala bhadra. The accompanying deity of This Ratha is Ramakrishna. This Ratha is also called Langala dhwaja Ratha.


Quick Facts about Taladhwaja Ratha
Number of wheels 14
Total Number of wooden pieces used 763
Height 43' 3"
Length and breadth 33' x 33'
Wrappings Red, Bluish green colour cloths
Guarded by Basudev
Name of the charioteer Matali
The flag Unnani
The horses Tribra, Ghora, Dirghasharma,
The Rope Basuki Naga
Presiding Nine Deities (i) Ganesh
(ii) Kartikeya
(iii) Sarvamangala
(iv) Pralambar
(v) Hatayudha
(vi) Mrutyunjaya
(Vii) Natamvara
(viii) Mukteswar
(ix) Sheshadeva

Darpadalana Ratha

Chariot of Goddess Subhadra, sister of Lord Jagannath is adorned with red and black colour clothes. This chariot is smallest of all 3 chariots.


Quick Facts about Darpadalana Ratha
Number of wheels 12
Total Number of wooden pieces used 593
Height 42' 3"
Length and breadth 31'6" x 31'6"
Wrappings Red, Black colour cloths
Guarded by Jayadurga
Name of the charioteer Arjuna
The flag Nadambika
The horses Rochika, Mochika, Jita Aparajita
The Rope Swarnachuda Naguni
Presiding Nine Deities (i) Chandi
(ii) Chamunda
(iii) Ugratara
(iv) Vanadurga
(v) Shulidurga
(vi) Varahi
(Vii) Shyamakali
(viii) Mangala
(ix) Vimala

Parshva Devata : Each chariot has its own Parshva Devatas who are the deities of lesser regard than main deities. There are 9 Parshva Devatas for each chariot. All the Rathas are drawn by different colours of chariots. Dark coloured chariots are for Balarama, White ones are for Jagannath, Red ones are for Subhadra. Each chariot customarily has a Sarathi or Charioteer.

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