Kashi Vishwanath Temple :
Kashi Vishwanath Temple is one of the most ancient temples and a marvel to must have if someone visits Varanasi.
Birla Temple :
Birla Temple is located in the Banaras Hindu University, campus in Varanasi and is known as the Birla Temple because it is built by the Birla Group of Industries as part of the CSR. The foundation of the temple was laid by the Raja Birla of the Birla family of industrialists. It was planned by the Pt. Madan Mohan Malaviya, the founder of the Banaras Hindu University, as part of the Banaras Hindu University campus to provide a space for inspiration to those who believe in divinity of god. Temple is open to all the people of any caste and creed. It is often alleged that Pt. Malaviya was a staunch Hindu and promoted Hinduism,the sentiment is highly politicized by the politicians.
Sankata Temple :
Sankata Temple dedicated to ‘Goddess Sankata’ or ‘Goddess of Remedy’ is located at Sindhia Ghat of Varanasi. There is an idol of Goddess Sankata in temple which is four armed like other deities of Indian pantheon.
Durga Temple :
Durga Temple is dedicated to Goddess Durga who is represented as sitting on a Tiger or Lion with sword, shield, trident etc. in her eight hands.
Kaal Bhairav Temple :
It is one of the most ancient temples of Varanasi, perhaps as old as Varanasi City itself. Kaal Bhairav is the God of Immortality, which a fantasy for the real world. It is believed that he had conquered death or ‘Kala’. Not only in Indian traditions but around the world human have always longed for immortality and the creation of gods is the result of same. Human being worship every form of that it feels super human. Worship of Kaal Bhairav is the result of same practice. Winning death and worshipping god who has conquered death is a practice to be eternal, immortal, relieve from suffering and pain and final deliverance.
Markandey Mahadev Temple :
‘Maha’ meaning ‘Great’ and ‘Deva’ meaning ‘Lord’ is often synonymous of Lord Shiva. The name Markandey was the name of divine boy who was born to a couple by blessing of Lord Shiva. But in General it is considered that Markandey was the incarnation of Lord Shiva. He is also considered as a sage who composed Maha mrityunjaya Mantra or hymn. The hymn is popularly chanted in all rituals of Hindus. It is believed that Maha mrityunjaya mantra makes one free from fear of death. In Indian mythology Gods are often represented as incarnation because of staunch belief of rebirth rooted in Hindu Religion.
Mrityunjay Mahadev Temple :
This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and located on the way from Daranagar to Kaal bhairav temple in Varanasi.
Sankat Mochan Temple :
‘Sankat’ translates to ‘danger’ and ‘Mochan’ meaning ‘remover,’ thus the
SankatMochan Temple is dedicated to the Lord Hanuman who is considered to be the remover of dangers of devotees.
Adi Keshava Temple :
Adi Keshava is one of 24 incarnations of Lord Vishnu as considered in Indian mythology.The AdiKesavaTemple is located where the River Varuna pours into the River Ganges thus making a confluence. The river-side is known as Adi Keshava Ghat or now called Raj Ghat.
Annapurna Temple :
Annapurna meaning who gives complete food. As name indicates the Annapurna temple is dedicated to the Goddess of Food.Food is a part of human survival and so the creation of a Goddess to worship is human attempt to be free from the fear of food scarcity. Annapurna Temple is said to keep Varanasi City free of Food Crisis. Not only in Varanasi but also across India Annapurna is worshipped on various occasions and in various names. Mostly Hindu devotees worship Annapurna on Makar sankranti and on the home coming of new harvest from fields.
Til bhandeshwar Temple :
Til bhandeshwar Temple is one of the most loved and oldest temples of the Varanasi City which exhibit a unique culture. It has assimilated Malayali and Hindu cultures in its broad fold. The temple has Shivalingam in the Garbhagriha. Like many other temples of the worlds’ oldest living city of Varanasi the temple has surfaced itself and hence called Swyambhu, translates to appeared itself. Unlike many other gods worshipped in deity form there are rare instances of worshipping Lord Shiva in deity or idol form. In almost all temples of India the supreme god Lord Shiva is worshipped in Shivalingam form. Though there is no evidence of starting of cult of Shivalingam or Phallus worship it is believed that it dates back to Harappan civilization as Shiva in Lingam form was worshipped as reverence to the power of regeneration because he is considered as the destroyer of the universe.
Vyasa Temple :
Sage Vyasa is highly regarded as an intellectual who gave this world an extraordinary composition of literature. It is said that Sage Vyasa was forcefully evicted from Varanasi or old Kashi by Lord Shiva and was never allowed to enter into the city again. This Lord Shiva did in a fit of anger, for which he is well known. Later, Sage Vyasa stayed there on opposite side of River Ganges, now called Ramnagar. He made there a hut and composed epic Mahabharata, the longest epic of the world. The place where Sage stayed, worshipped, meditated and composed Mahabharata is constructed into a temple to pay tribute to the legendary Sage Vyasa.
Vishalakshi Temple :
Vishalakshi Temple is dedicated to Goddess Vishalakshi who is the main deity of this temple. Vishalakshi is derived from Sanskrita words; Vishal meaning wide and akshi meaning eyes and given to describe one who has wide eyes. But here the name is proper noun and referred to Goddess Vishalakshi. Vishalakshi is one of the many incarnations of the Goddess Parvati, the better half of Lord Shiva. Vishalakshi temple is also known as Vishalakshi Gauri Temple. The temple is located on the Meer Ghat of the River Ganges. This temple is considered to be one of the Shakti Pithas established throughout India. Shakti Pitha translates to Post of Power and here it refers to the authority of the Divine Goddess of Power.
Tulsi Manas Temple :
Tulsi Manas Temple has a very historical as well as cultural importance for not only Varanasi but also for the whole of India. This is precisely because the place is connected to an event that still rules the Indian Psyche. The famous Hindu Epic of Ramayana was composed at this very place. Goswami Tulsi Das was the man who composed Ramayana in Hindi in the form of "Ram Charit Manas". Prior to that, Ramayana was only available in Sanskrit and that is why it was out of the reach of general masses.
New Vishwanath Mandir (Birla Temple) :
New Vishwanath Mandir (Birla Temple) Situated in the premises of Banaras Hindu University, a modern place of worship planned by Pandit Malviya and built by the Birlas. Open to all, irrespective of caste or creed.
Aarti time : Aarti timings are 4 am - 4.45 am, 10.30 am - 11.45 am, 12 pm - 1 pm, 6.45 pm - 7.30 pm, 8 pm - 8.45 pm. On Shivratri, temple opens from 4 am to 12 pm midnight. On every Monday Rudrabhishek is performed from 7 am to 8 am.
Bharat Mata temple :
The Bharat Mata temple at Varanasi is the only temple dedicated to Mother India. It is located in the Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth campus near railway station. The Bharat Mata temple was built by Babu Shiv Prasad Gupt and inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1936. The statute of Bharat Mata is built in marble and is a model of undivided India, depicting the mountains, plains and oceans. The most peculiar thing about the Bharat Mata Temple is that instead of the customary gods and goddesses, it houses a relief map of India, carved out of marble.