Pathan, an Indian Muslim community who come India from Afganistan is famous for his bravery and honesty. They put their surname as khan. In Kerala the famous Mopillah community have arrived from Arab during their merchandise
Islam is a monotheistic religion. Muhammad, considered to be the last prophet of god, was born in Arabian city of mecca in about 570 AD. It is believed that in 610 AD Muhammad was conveyed from the God through Archangel Gabriel. Muhammad’s companions memorized and recorded the content of these revelations, known as the Quran, which is the holy book of Muslims. Apart from the words of God the distinguished saying of Mohammad were collected and are called ‘Hadith’, which is the second most important source of Islam. Muhammad died in 632 AD.
Muhammad acquired the nickname “al-Amin” meaning “faithful, trustworthy” and “al-sadiq” meaning “truthful”. Around 613 AD Muhammad started public preaching. Few Meccans became his followers and most of them ignored him and mocked him. Consequently Muhammad was forced to move to Medina from Mecca with his followers in 622 AD. Also Muslim calendar starts from this year. After war, conquest, and threatening followed by several campaign Muhammad fell ill and died on Monday, 8 June 632, in Medina, at the age 62 or 63, in the house of wife Aisha.
With Muhammad’s death, disagreement broke out over who his successor would be. Umar ibn al-khattab, a prominent companion of Muhammad, nominated Abu Bakr, Muhammad’s friend and collaborator. Abu Bakr was confirmed as the first caliph. This won of Sunnis divided the Muslims in two broader divisions. Umar and Uthaman was the second and third caliph after Abu Bakr. Ali, son in law of Prophet Muhammad and the candidate chosen by the Shias at the very beginning was the next caliph. Above mentioned four caliphs is regarded as the pious caliph in Islam history.
A year after the wars, Arab tribes surrendered himself to Muhammad and adopt Islam. Islam is the complete and universal version of primordial faith that was revealed many times before through Prophets. Muslims also believe that god is one and incomparable.
Teaching and Contribution
The vast and fast spread of the message of ‘Quran’ over the Arabia and the whole Mid-Asia and also other far off lands, testifies that ‘Quran’ had an easy appeal for the human beings. Arabs played an important role in spreading the message of Islam. They spread the message in different countries along with their merchandise.
Muslims had a significant contribution in literature and architecture. Taj Mahal in India, Giant and majestic palace of Al- Hamra in Spain are the milestone in the field of architecture. Arabian Nights and many more Islamic books are famous and popular in the context of literature. Quran clearly states that “seeking knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male and female).
Sufism is the inner mystical dimension of Islam. Sufism is a science whose objective is the reparation of the heart and turning it away from all else but god. Islam gives a feel of brotherhood among the Muslims which never allow to enter the caste basis discrimination among themselves.
Rather uprooting the traditional beliefs of Islam, Muslims are not only obeying the culture but they are nurturing it. And this is the only reason why Muslims all over the world remained unchanged.
Islam is a monotheistic religion articulated by the Quran. The word Islam means “one who submits” or “one who surrenders.” Muslims believe that God is one and incomparable. After Christianity Islam is the second largest religion in the world. Religious concepts and practices include the five pillars of Islam, which are basic concepts and obligatory acts of worship, and following Islamic law, which touches on virtually every aspect of life and society, providing guidance on multifarious topics from banking and welfare, to family life and the environment. There are several pilgrimage places of Muslims in the Middle East Asia. Among them Hajj is the chief pilgrimage of Muslims.
Hajj is a mandatory religious duty for Muslims that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime. Hajj is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca. It is one of the five pillars of Islam. Hajj occurs from the 8th to 12th of Dhu al-Hijjah. Hajj is considered to of be much importance for Muslims because Hajj is associated with the life of Islamic prophet Muhammad. During Hajj, pilgrims join processions of hundreds of thousands of people, who simultaneously converge on Mecca for a week in Hajj, and perform a series of rituals. Also each person walks counter- clockwise seven times around the kaaba, runs back and forth between the hills and performs symbolic stoning of the devil by throwing stones at three pillars.
Muslim Pilgrimage in India :-
India is one of the best countries to experience Muslim pilgrimage. Some best destinations are listed below.
Jama Masjid :-
It is one of the largest mosques in India, located in the capital city of
Delhi. The mosque was built by Mughal emperor, shahjahan in the year 1648. This historic mosque has three domes and two minarets.
Ajmer Sharif :-
the Ajmer Sharif is situated in Ajmer, a city of Rajasthan. It is the rest place of the ‘Gharib-Nawaz’. This place attracts many visitors.
Haji Ali :-
Haji Ali, a destination for Muslim pilgrimage is located in the open sea in Mumbai. A narrow path leads towards the mosque.