4 Jain Tirthankaras born in Varanasi
Saturday, Nov 7, 2015
Tirthankaras are arihants who after conquering from the cycle of death and rebirth or gaining infinite knowledge preach the true dharma. In Jainism the tirthankaras is the person who has conquered anger, attachment, pride, greed, inner passions, and personal desires. One thing among all tirthankaras are- knowledge of all is believed to be perfect and identical in every respect and their teachings do not contradict one another.
In Jainism there are 24 Tirthankaras. Among 24Tirthankaras, kashi is the birthplace of 4 Tirthankaras. Therefore, the Jain literature refers Kashi as a Jain Tirtha. Kashi is the birthplace of 7th 8th 11th and 23rd Tirthankaras namely Supararshvanath, chandraprabhu, shreyanshnath, and Parshvanath respectively.
Parshavanath was the 23rd Tirthankara of Jainism. According to Rana PB singh, professor of cultural Geography and Heritage Studies department, Banaras Hindu University Tirthankara Parshvanath was born in 8th century BCE. Also according to professor the Tithankara was born near the mythical tank of Dandakhata. Now the place is famous for Jain pilgrimage. That place has a Jain temple and named Parshvanath temple.
Suparshvanath was the 7th Tirthankaras of Jainism. According to the beliefs of Jains,Suparshvanath was born for the sacred purpose, such as - to understand mankind to follow the right path of renunciation and true knowledge, to spread love , peace and brotherhood among people, to inculcate the qualities of compassion and non-violence and to attain the true goal of human life namely liberation after giving up bondage and attachment and transcending the infinite cycles of birth and death. A temple of Tirthankara suparshavanath is in Bhadaini which is adjacent to the Svetambar Jain temple.
Shreyanshanath was the 11th Tirthankara of the Jainism. He was born In Sihanpur, on twelfth day of the dark half of the month of Phalgun. Lord Shreyansnath after 2 months of diksha and worldly life abandonment attained salvation on 15th day of the dark half of the month of Magh.
Chandraprabhu was the eigth Tirthankara of the Jainism. The temple of chandraprabhu at Tijara in Rajasthan is a famous center of pilgrimage for Jains. Chandravati, an ancient village on Varanasi-Ghazipur is the birth place of the eighth tirthankara.